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Dwarka is an ancient and a municipality of Devbhoomi Dwarka district in the state of Gujarat in northwestern India. Dwarka was established as the capital in Saurashtra by the Aryans during the Puranic. It is located on the western shore of the Okhamandal Peninsula on the right bank of the Gomti river. Dwarka is one of the Chardhams, four sacred Hindy pilgirimage sites, and is one of the Sapta Puri, the seven  most ancient religious cities in the country. Dwarka is often identified with the Dwarka Kingdom, the ancient kingdom of Krishna, and is believed to have been the first capital of Gujarat.

Dwarka is believed to have been the first capital of Gujarat. The city’s name literally means gateway. Dwarka has also been referred to throughout its history as “Mokshapuri”, and “Dwarkavati”. It is mentioned in the ancient prehistoric epic period of the Mahabharata. According to legend, Krishna settled here after he defeated and killed his uncle Kansa at Mathura. 

somnath temple

The Somnath Temple located in Prabhas Patan near Junagadh in Saurashtra on the western coast of Gujarat. India is believed to be the first among the twelve jyotriling shrines of Shiva. It is an important pilgrimage and tourist spot of Gujarat. Reconstructed several times in the past after repeated destruction by several Muslim invaders and rulers, the present temple was reconstructed in Chaulukya style of Hindu temple architecture and completed in May 1951. The reconstruction was started under the orders of the Home Minister of India Vallabhbhai Patel and completed after his death.

The site of Somnath has been a pilgrimage site from ancient times on account of being a Triveni Sangam (the confluence of three rivers: Kapila, Hiran and Saraswati). Soma, the Moon God, is believed to have lost his lustre due to a curse, and he bathed in the Saraswati River at this site to regain it. The result is the waxing and waning of the moon, no doubt an allusion to the waxing and waning of the tides at this seashore location.


Gujarat is well known across for its culture and traditional festivals. One of the most popular festival is rann utsav. Rann is also known as Rann of Kutch Festival or Kutch Utsav.

The Great Rann of Kutch is a salt marsh in the Thar Desert in the Kutch district of Gujarat, India. It is about 7500 km square in area and is reputed to be one of the largest salt deserts in the world. This area has been inhabited by the Kutchi people.